Elena Polonskaya (1902-1992) was an appealing woman: she is actually a recognized astronomer exactly who shed the girl work regarding Communist program, was accused from espionage on account of the lady missionary things, added to jail for a few months, however, later on re also-instated due to the fact university teacher. Finally, she turned into good nun regarding Russian-Orthodox Chapel and you will trained bible training or any other theological subject areas. This lady has a keen asteroid titled immediately following this lady, however, she doesn’t yet possess a good Wikipedia article in English. Listed here is her biography.
Elena Ivanovna Polonskaya was given birth to toward 21 November 1902 within the Selets, on Volyn province in the modern Ukraine in order to mothers on the Russian nobility. She examined astronomy at Professors out of Mathematics and you may Sheer Sciences on Lviv School. Inside the 1923, she participated in the original conference of one’s Russian Religious Pupil Direction into the Czechia. Out-of 1926 so you’re able to 1928 she try a dynamic person in so it course and its own chief for Poland and you may Belarus. She acted while the publisher of one’s religious governmental diary “In the Borderline”. She took part in apologetic june programs within the Paris dependent because of the Archpriest Sergei Bulgakov, her spiritual dad.
In reality, except for an occasion inside Naples around 1596 and you will a visit in order to The country of spain during the 1597, Clavius was to are Professor away from Mathematics at the Collegio Romano throughout his lifetime
During the 1932, she turned into assistant from the Substantial Observatory in Warsaw. In 1934, she defended this lady Ph.D. thesis „On the planetocentric motion off comets“ inside the Warsaw. Inside 1936, she married Leon Kazimierczak, an enthusiastic ichtyologist within Warsaw School, plus in ed immediately following Sergei Bulgakov) was born. During The second world war, she spent some time working since Older Scientist from the Service out-of Astronomy for the Lviv and you can transferred to Warsaw in the 1944. From inside the Warsaw Uprising inside the 1944, she became p close Vienna because the battle prisoner. In 1945, she generated an extremely bold and you can crucial decision on her behalf afterwards life: Given that an enthusiastic Orthodox, she chose to return to Russia, even in the event totalitarian Soviet Relationship at that time. She basic lived in Cherson (in today’s Ukraine) in which this lady son died regarding meningitis in July 1948. She never ever spotted their spouse once more, as the he had been prohibited to enter the newest USSR.
Christopher Clavius, S.J. (25 February 1538 – 06 Feb 1612) are good Italian language Jesuit noted for their change of your own schedule, and you can a beneficial mathematician and you can skilled instructor. He entered brand new has just created Jesuit acquisition during the 1555 and is actually delivered to Coimbra, A holiday in greece, to follow his degree. Next eclipse observance, he decided to go to Italy later on into the 1560 and you can read theology during the the new Jesuit Collegio Romano inside Rome. He was ordained into the 1564. The guy remained during the Collegio Romano was in fact the guy first started training mathematics in regarding their ordination. He proceeded with his knowledge inside the Theology and you will turned into a complete member of the Jesuit Order for the 1575.
To the 21 August 1560, he seen a sun eclipse, an event and that convinced your so you can devote their lifestyle to help you analytical and you may substantial analysis
in the 1579, he was picked because the member from the Pope Gregory XIII towards payment in order to manage the fresh reform of diary. The outdated Julian Diary was actually established by a keen edict away from Julius Caesar from inside the forty-five BC. Since the program out-of Julian decades and you will plunge years did not correspond exactly toward period of this new astronomical 12 months, dates of very important Christian feasts have from alignment with the seasons. This percentage then followed this new ideas for diary reform away from Aloysius Lillius, with a few adjustment, plus https://datingranking.net/tr/swinglifestyle-inceleme/ 1582 Pope Gregory XIII promulgated the fresh calendar. Catholic regions quickly used this new “Gregorian schedule,” but Protestant and you will East Orthodox places merely slowly implemented. During the 1588, it became their role to explain and you can guard the schedule change, and he did so from inside the Novi calendarii romani apologia and then works to prevent arguments coming from Protestants, in addition to off astronomers and you can mathematicians.
Galileo Galilei was regularly Clavius’s instructions, and then he went to Clavius during his first trip to Rome during the 1587. Following it corresponded periodically in the mathematical dilemmas, and you will Clavius sent Galileo copies away from his books as they seemed. Clavius try and remained an effective defender of the geocentric system though he was satisfied from the Galilei’s telescopic discoveries when he composed in 1611, annually prior to their death.
His correct and you can long-term dictate try the new adoption regarding rigid statistical curricula during the Jesuit universities, at the same time if dependence on math from inside the absolute science (next titled “absolute beliefs”) try widely underappreciated. He authored popular books and influenced future generations out-of astronomers and mathematicians.